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**Trigonometric Ratios Lessons**

**Prerequisite Knowledge**

- Right-angled trigonometry including Sin θ = O/H, Cos θ = A/H and Tan θ = O/A.
- Know and apply Pythagoras’ Theorem
- Visualise the graphs of y = Sin θ and y = Cos θ between the range -360 ≤ θ ≤ 360.
- Transform basic graphical functions.
- Know exact trigonometric solutions from an equilateral triangle and isosceles right-angled triangle.
- Construct and interpret scale drawings involving bearings.

**Success Criteria**

- understand and be able to use the definitions of sine, cosine and tangent for all arguments;
- understand and be able to use the sine and cosine rules;
- understand and be able to use the area of a triangle in the form Area = ½ ab SinC
- understand and be able to use the sine, cosine and tangent functions; their graphs, symmetries and periodicity.

**Teaching Points**

- Students should prove the Sine, Cosine and Area rules using right-angled trigonometry.
- Problems should involve multiple rules for the challenge.
- The sine rule applies when a matching pair of angle and length is given.
- The cosine rule can be used when either all three lengths of a triangle is given. Or when two lengths either side of an angle are given.
- The area rule needs an angle between two available lengths.
- Application of the sine and cosine rules is often linked to scale drawings and triangles with algebraic lengths.

**Misconceptions**

- Students often mislabel their diagrams, so the angle and opposite edge do not have the respective upper- and lower-case letters.
- Problems involving an angle found using the Sine Rule can have two solutions.
- When transforming graphs, students should use sketched diagrams are mistakes are often made when working algebraically.

December 19, 2021

In this lesson, we learn about the length and volume scale factor of 3D shapes and the relationship between them.

December 16, 2021

How to solve simultaneous equations using the substitution method.

December 12, 2021

How to compare datasets using box and whisker diagrams.