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Students learn how to solve an equation using the balance method and trial and improvement. As learning progresses they are taught how to form and solve a pair of simultaneous equations from known geometrical facts and real life problems. This unit takes place in Year 9 Term 5 and leads on to solving and representing inequalities and inequations.

- Use simple formulae
- Generate and describe linear number sequences
- Express missing number problems algebraically
- Find pairs of numbers that satisfy an equation with two unknowns
- Use and interpret algebraic notation
- Simplify and manipulate algebraic expressions by:
- collecting like terms
- multiplying a single term over a bracket

- Solve linear equations in one unknown algebraically (including those with the unknown on both sides of the equation)
- Solve two simultaneous equations in two variables algebraically;
- Find approximate solutions to simultaneous equations in two variables using a graph;
- solve linear equations in one unknown algebraically (including those with the unknown on both sides of the equation)
- Translate simple situations or procedures into algebraic expressions or formulae; derive an equation (or two simultaneous equations), solve the equation(s) and interpret the solution.

- To solve an equation is to find the only value (or values) of the unknown that make the mathematical sentence correct.
- For every unknown an equation is needed.
- Students need to have a secure understanding of adding and subtracting with negatives when eliminating an unknown.
- Coefficients need to be equal in magnitude to eliminate an unknown.

- Students can forget to apply the same operation to both sides of the equation therefore leaving it unbalanced.
- Students often struggle knowing when to add or subtract the equations to eliminate the unknown. Review addition with negatives to address this.
- Equations need to be aligned so that unknowns can be easily added or subtracted. If equations are not aligned students may add or subtract with non like variables.
- Students often try to eliminate variables with their coefficients being equal.

October 16, 2019

There are two key learning points when solving problems with angles in polygons. The first is to understand why all the exterior angles of a polygon have a sum of 360°. The second is to understand the interior and exterior angles appear on the same straight line. Students can be told these two facts and […]

August 22, 2019

When getting ready for a new school year I have a list of priorities to work through. Knowing my team have all the information and resources they need to teach their students gives me confidence we will start the term in the best possible way. Mathematics Teaching and Learning Folder All teachers receive a folder […]

July 6, 2019

Earlier this week, my school took part in a trial OFSTED inspection as part of getting ready for the new inspection framework in September 2019. This involved three Lead Inspectors visiting our school over the course of two days. The first day involved a ‘deep dive’ by each of the Lead Inspectors into Mathematics, English […]