Students learn how to break down a number using its prime factors.

Later, as learning progresses they solve a simple equations where the unknown is a power and the base is prime.

**Differentiated Learning Objectives**

- All students should be able to decompose an integer using its prime factors.
- Most students should be able to decompose an integer using it’s prime factors and write the product using index notation.
- Some students should be able to solve equations such as 2
^{m}x 3^{k}= 648 using prime number factorisation.