There are three standard methods for sharing an amount to a given ratio. Depending on the age group and ability range I am teaching, I would choose one approach over the other two.
The three methods are:
In this blog, I will demonstrate each of the three methods for the same problem.
Nikki and Gemma share £36 in the ratio of 4: 5.
Work out how much Nikki and Gemma each receive.
Change the shares for each person into a fraction.
Nikki’s Share = 4/(4+5) = 4/9
Gemma’s Share = 5/(4+5) = 5/9
Calculate each fraction of the total amount.
Nikki receives £36 × 4/9 = £16. Gemma receives £35 × 5/9 = £20.
I use this approach when teaching more able students as it reinforces the link between ratio and proportion. The fractions are proportions of the total amount.
The unitary method emphasizes the need to find the value of one share by dividing the total amount by the sum of shares. This method can be taught illustratively or with clear writing frames.
The illustrative approach represents each share as a box. Each box contains an equal proportion of the total amount. Illustrating the shares as boxes helps the younger and less able students visualize the importance of finding one share and splitting the amount correctly.
Unitary method using writing frames to find the value of a single share
Click here to view the video.
Unitary Method using Writing Frames
Step 1: Find the total number of shares: 4 + 5 = 9.
Step 2: Find the value of one share: £36 ÷ 9 = £4 per share
Step 3: Multiply each part of the ratio by the value of one share.
Nikki = 4 shares × £4 = £16, Gemma = 5 shares × £4 = £20
The written unitary method is my most common approach for teaching how to share an amount to a ratio as it breaks the problem down into three intuitive stages.
The first column of the table uses the ratio given in the question. Subsequent columns are multiples of the first column. This method works well when the total share is a factor of the amount.
I use this method for lower ability students and those in key stage 3. It reinforces multiples
and patterns while providing a visual representation of the increasing shares.
My name is Jonathan Robinson and I am passionate about teaching mathematics. I am currently Head of Maths in the South East of England and have been teaching for over 15 years. I am proud to have helped teachers all over the world to continue to engage and inspire their students with my lessons.
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