Volume and Surface Area

Students learn how to calculate the total surface area and volume of cuboids, prisms and convergent shapes.  Throughout the topic students develop their algebraic notation, and application of Pythagoras’ Theorem to aid their problem solving skills.  This topic takes place in Year 11 Term 2 for Foundation students and Year 10 Term 5 at higher level.


Volume and Surface Area Lessons
Revision Lessons


Prerequisite Knowledge

  • use standard units of measure and related concepts (length, area, volume/capacity
  • know and apply formulae to calculate: area of triangles, parallelograms, trapezia;
  • know the formulae: circumference of a circle = 2πr = πd, area of a circle = πr2; calculate: perimeters of 2D shapes, including circles; areas of circles and composite shapes

Success Criteria

  • know and apply formulae to calculate the volume of cuboids and other right prisms (including cylinders)
  • know the formulae to calculate the surface area and volume of spheres, pyramids, cones and composite solids


Key Concepts

  • To calculate the volume of a prism identify the cross-section and calculate its area. The volume is a product this area and its depth.
  • When calculating surface areas encourage students to illustrate their working by either writing the area on the faces of the 3D representation or create the net diagram so all individual faces can be seen.
  • While students are not necessarily required to derive the formulae for the volume and surface area of complex shapes they do need to be proficient with substituting in known values.

Common Misconceptions

  • Students often forget to include units when calculating volumes and areas.
  • It is important to differentiate between those which are prisms and those which are not. Encourage students to identify the cross-section whenever possible.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes:

<a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Mr Mathematics Blog

Angles in Polygons

There are two key learning points when solving problems with angles in polygons.  The first is to understand why all the exterior angles of a polygon have a sum of 360°.  The second is to understand the interior and exterior angles appear on the same straight line. Students can be told these two facts and […]

Getting Ready for a New School Year

When getting ready for a new school year I have a list of priorities to work through. Knowing my team have all the information and resources they need to teach their students gives me confidence we will start the term in the best possible way.  Mathematics Teaching and Learning Folder All teachers receive a folder […]

Mathematics OFSTED Inspection – The Deep Dive

Earlier this week, my school took part in a trial OFSTED inspection as part of getting ready for the new inspection framework in September 2019. This involved three Lead Inspectors visiting our school over the course of two days. The first day involved a ‘deep dive’ by each of the Lead Inspectors into Mathematics, English […]