# Area of Compound Shapes

To find the area of compound shapes students need to understand what the word compound means.  Therefore, I ask students to discuss in pairs a definition for the word compound and to extend it to include the shapes below.  As a result of their learning in science students agree that a compound can be defined as a mixture of elements.  In the context of today’s lesson, it is one shape formed by a mixture of rectangles.

## Area of Compound Shapes

I present the shapes on the board to the class and ask them to consider different mixtures of rectangles that will create the pink compound shape.

All the students showed they could create the pink composite shape by adding two smaller rectangles together.  However, the majority of the class were unable to create it as the difference of two rectangles.

It was pleasing, that all students made a clear attempt to split the composite shape up into rectangles.   Examiner reports often explain candidates who do split up the composite shapes are far more likely to arrive at the correct solution.

As we move on to question B I ask students to calculate the composite area using the three methods we discussed and to circle the method they find easiest.  Most students prefer to add the two rectangles together rather than find the difference of them.

I ask the class to attempt question C using their preferred method.  Students who finish early are to choose a different method to check their solution.  I am pleased that about half the class chose to calculate the green area as a sum of two rectangles and the other half choosing to find it as the difference.

At this point students work independently through questions on the third slide using which ever method they prefer.  If they run into a problem, I encourage them to consider a second approach before they ask for help.

## Area of Compound Shapes Plenary

The plenary takes about 12 minutes.  When I present the problem I encourage students to think carefully about the individual rectangles that make up the shape.

After a few minutes it is clear some students are struggling to progress.  For these students I take a few minutes to discuss how the blue region is formed, as shown below.

The next level of support, for students who need it, includes breaking the middle shape down into individual rectangles and their dimensions.

Finding the area of composite shapes is taught at the start of Year 9 for the Higher GCSE students and in the second spring term of Year 9 for the Foundation GCSE tier students.  It is followed by area of triangles and later on parallelogram and trapezia.

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